Process of development of materials

This section will start with SADC REEP brochure on resource materials which outlines reasons for having materials development approach and activities.

Research in resource materials development in southern Africa has revealed a shift from Research Design Dissemination Adopt (RDDA) to more participatory approaches. The first publication of the book Developing Curriculum Frameworks benefited from contributions by 62 environmental education practitioners from eight SADC countries. Although it was first published in 1999, consultation had started in 1997. The other one, Development, Adaptation and Use of Learning Support Materials , was published in collaboration with 20 participants from 13 SADC countries.

  • List of resource materials that have been developed
    • Learning support materials skills development toolkit
    • Teacher education work book
    • Regional resource book mainstreaming environment and sustainability in agriculture and natural resources management
    • MESA file
    • SADC REEP research stories on vulnerability, health and environment health
    • Policy and practice

In the most recent review of the SADC REEP, the following categories of learning support materials were identified as priorities, to be supported by the Programme;

  • Materials in the category of Information on Environmental Issues are designed to focus on providing information about topical and relevant issues. They include examples like the ' Enviro Fact Sheets' .
  • Materials in the category of Tools of Science for Conducting Investigation focus on enabling learners to engage with local environmental issues and risks through using the 'tools of science' to undertake field work enquiry in a relevant setting. Such materials include ' Water Testing kits or the Cholera Test Kit' .
  • Then there are materials designed for Decision Making and Action Taking which focus on enabling learners to take action to address environmental issues and risks like the ' How To' series booklets and the ' Action Magazine' .
  • Lastly there are materials used as Tools for Reporting whose focus is on enabling learners to report on processes of information seeking, enquiry and action taking in response to environmental issues and risks. Examples in this category include the ' Schools and Sustainability Pack / School Environmental Policy Pack and Management Plan
  • The SADC REEP has therefore prioritised the development of learning support materials that enhance environmental learning processes in context. The programme has recently focused attention not only on the development of learning support materials, but on the way in which learning support materials are used.


Learning Support Materials

Supporting EE and ESD in  in the southern Africa region. The SADC REEP support to learning support materials development process aims at supporting

  • The development of capacity within the SADC region to access, use, develop and adapt appropriate environmental education resources and learning materials through:
  • Workshops and courses like the attachment/ Fellowship which support development, adaptation and use,
  • Country specific” libraries” and cutting age edge collection of EE materials in the SADC EE Centre that support access to information,
  • Locally relevant learning support materials by assisting in making regional experts and seed funding available


This publication was informed by the materials developed by practitioners from the 14 SADC countries over the last 10 years, e.g. from materials developed in the context of Teacher Education programmes.  This source book is open-ended to support teaching and learning in environmental and sustainability education in higher education institutions.  It supports practitioners to strengthen their courses and encourages them to add their own experiences in dealing the environmental and sustainability issues.

Download Here [1.84MB]

Learning support materials skills development workshop process

The SADC Region has a lot of expertise and resources that are being used by different practitioners in different institutions. In order to make use of the mentioned expertise and the amount of resources available, SADC REEP has been running learning support materials skills development workshops in the SADC Member States. The main objective of the training workshop is to build capacity amongst EE/ESD practitioners to develop and use appropriate and effective learning support materials to enhance EE/ESD. The programme did an initial training of trainers with practitioners from the Member States and then supports them to roll out the courses in well designed clusters (Malawi, South Africa and Zimbabwe). A generic toolkit that can be adapted depending on the context and needs was developed and is been used in the cluster workshops (see the link on resource materials above). The use of ICT in the learning support materials workshops has been very useful and participants have been learning how to use ICT in the development of learning materials.

MESA Courses

The Mainstreaming Environment and Sustainability in African Universities is a UNEP initiative that has built on the work of the Course Development Network. The objective of the MESA programme is to support university lecturers and management to bring in innovations in teaching, learning, research, community support and university management. During the past year the SADC REEP has worked closely with UNEP, UNESCO, the Global Virtual University, the Association of African Universities and many others to develop course material and to conduct courses for participants from throughout Africa. This will be an ongoing initiative and we look forward to working with individual universities to support innovations in environment and sustainability at higher education institutions in the SADC region.

SADC REEP has three MESA chairs based at University of Botswana, University of Swaziland and University of Zambia. Apart from running different EE/ESD courses in Teacher Education, Community Involvement and Policy and Curriculum Development they are also involved in the development of teaching materials in teacher education. Two chairs from Botswana and Zambia are involved in reviewing the teacher education workbook.

Course Development Toolkit

The Course Developers Toolkit comprises of five source books developed to strengthen aspects of course development in support of environmental and sustainability education processes.

Source book 1: - Currently being revised
Deliberating curriculum frameworks in adult learning

Source book 2:- Download [1.7MB]
Supporting adult learning and tutoring

Source book 3: - Download [2.3MB]
Course materials development for adult learning

Source book 4: Download [1.2MB]
Development, adaptation and use of learning support materials -

Source book 5: - Download [1.1MB]
Course evaluation in adult education programme

The sourcebooks draw on the experience of a range of course developers in southern Africa, and are an output of the SADC Course Development Network, established by the SADC Regional Environmental Education Programme in 1999, and funded by Sida. Course experiences informing the books are drawn from a range of southern African country contexts including: Zimbabwe, Zambia, Namibia, Botswana, Swaziland, Lesotho, Mauritius and South Africa (amongst others). The source books therefore provide a regional vantage point on issues of transforming education to address Africa's socio-ecological and development questions.

CDN - Our Environment Our Stories

This publication emanated from the need identified during the course of the Course Developers Network project for a selection case stories that showcase environmental education research within a variety of SADC contexts. Such stories could form the basis for deliberation and reflection within environmental education research courses taught in inter alia formal education programmes.

Regional resource to mainstream environment and sustainability in agriculture and natural resources management

The resource aims at providing guidelines on appropriate practices to enhance sustainable agriculture and natural resources management. It will also help to cultivate positive towards sustainable utilisation of natural resources. In order to capture vwhat is already happening in different Member States the resource shares some success stories or stories of best practices in agriculture and natural resources. The users of the resource are trainers in agriculture and natural resources institutions, extension officers who work with communities in agriculture and natural resources management e.g. forestry, fisheries, land use management, sustainable agriculture practices.

For more details on the materials developed by the SADC contact Us SADC REEP > Contact Email.

SADC Regional Environmental Education Programme